技术选型

技术版本
cloudHoxton.SR1
boot2.2.2.RELEASE
cloud alibaba2.1.0.RELEASE
javajdk8
Maven3.5.2及以上
Mysql5.7及以上

1. 新建Maven父工程 springcloud2020

maven创建项目,架构选择org.apache.maven.archetypes:maven-archetype-site
pom.xml代码如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
    <artifactId>springcloud2020</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>pom</packaging>

    <distributionManagement>
        <site>
            <id>website</id>
            <url>scp://webhost.company.com/www/website</url>
        </site>
    </distributionManagement>

    <!--统一管理jar包版本-->
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
        <junit.version>4.12</junit.version>
        <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
        <lombok.version>1.16.18</lombok.version>
        <mysql.version>8.0.18</mysql.version>
        <druid.version>1.1.16</druid.version>
        <mybatis.spring.boot.version>1.3.0</mybatis.spring.boot.version>
    </properties>

    <!--子模块继承之后,提供作用:锁定版本+子module不用groupId和version-->
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <!--spring boot 2.2.2-->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>2.2.2.RELEASE</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
            <!--spring cloud Hoxton.SR1-->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>Hoxton.SR1</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
            <!--spring cloud alibaba 2.1.0.RELEASE-->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.alibaba.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-alibaba-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>2.1.0.RELEASE</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>mysql</groupId>
                <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
                <version>${mysql.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
                <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
                <version>${druid.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
                <version>${mybatis.spring.boot.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>junit</groupId>
                <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
                <version>${junit.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
                <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
                <version>${lombok.version}</version>
                <optional>true</optional>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <fork>true</fork>
                    <addResources>true</addResources>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

2. 建立支付module: cloud-provider-payment8001

项目结构:

2.1 pom.xml如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>springcloud2020</artifactId>
        <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>cloud-provider-payment8001</artifactId>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--mysql-connector-java-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
            <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

2.2 application.yml

server:
  port: 8001
spring:
  application:
    name: cloud-payment-service
  datasource:
    # 当前数据源操作类型
    type: com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
    # mysql驱动类
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://bj.hm1006.cn:3306/spcloud?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8
    username: spcloud
    password: liu123456.
mybatis:
  mapper-locations: classpath*:mapper/*.xml
  type-aliases-package: cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity
#    它一般对应我们的实体类所在的包,这个时候会自动取对应包中不包括包名的简单类名作为包括包名的别名。多个package之间可以用逗号或者分号等来进行分隔(value的值一定要是包的全)

2.3 主启动类 PaymentMain8001

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@EnableEurekaClient
@SpringBootApplication
public class PaymentMain {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(PaymentMain.class,args);
    }
}

2.4 数据库

建库:

CREATE TABLE `payment`(
	`id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT 'ID',
	`serial` varchar(200) DEFAULT '',
	PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGING=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

2.5 业务类

实体类

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import java.io.Serializable;

//主实体类 Payment
@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Payment implements Serializable {
    private Long id;
    private String serial;

}

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.io.Serializable;

//Json封装体CommentResult,传给前端,判断编码是否成功,成功才显示
@Data
@NoArgsConstructor
@AllArgsConstructor
public class CommonResult<T> implements Serializable {//泛型:如果装的payment 返回payment,装的order 返回order
    private Integer code;
    private String message;
    private T date;

    public CommonResult(Integer code,String message){
        this(code,message,null);
    }
}

持久层

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.dao;

import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

//PaymentDao
@Mapper
public interface PaymentDao {

    int create(Payment patment);

    Payment getPaymentByid(@Param("id")Long id);

}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="cn.hm1006.cloud2020.dao.PaymentDao">
    <insert id="create" parameterType="Payment" useGeneratedKeys="true" keyProperty="id">
        insert into payment(serial)values (#{serial})
    </insert>

    <resultMap id="paymentMap" type="cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment">
        <id property="id" column="id" jdbcType="BIGINT"/>
        <id property="serial" column="serial" jdbcType="VARCHAR"/>
    </resultMap>

    <select id="getPaymentByid" resultMap="paymentMap">
        select * from payment where id = #{id}
    </select>
</mapper>

业务层

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.service;
//业务接口
import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

public interface PaymentService {
    int create(Payment patment);
    Payment getPaymentByid(@Param("id")Long id);
}
package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.service;

import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.dao.PaymentDao;
import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import javax.annotation.Resource;

//业务接口实现类
@Service
public class PaymentServiceImpl implements PaymentService {

    @Resource //spring提供
    private PaymentDao paymentDao;

    @Override
    public int create(Payment patment) {
        return paymentDao.create(patment);
    }

    @Override
    public Payment getPaymentByid(Long id) {
        return paymentDao.getPaymentByid(id);
    }
}

控制层

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.service;

import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.dao.PaymentDao;
import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import javax.annotation.Resource;

@Service
public class PaymentServiceImpl implements PaymentService {

    @Resource //spring提供
    private PaymentDao paymentDao;

    @Override
    public int create(Payment patment) {
        return paymentDao.create(patment);
    }

    @Override
    public Payment getPaymentByid(Long id) {
        return paymentDao.getPaymentByid(id);
    }
}

3. 建立消费者订单module:

3.1 pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
        <artifactId>springcloud2020</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>cloud-consumer-order80</artifactId>

    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
            <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
</project>

3.2 application.yml

server:
  port: 80

3.3 主启动 OrderMain80

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

/**
 * @author Two
 * @version 1.0
 * @date 2020/7/19 17:47
 */
@SpringBootApplication
public class OrderMian80 {
     public static void main(String[] args) {
           SpringApplication.run(OrderMian80.class, args);
      }
}

3.4业务类

订单也需要Payment、CommonResult实体类,但是不需要操作数据库,没有Service、Dao,只需添加Controller即可。

package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.io.Serializable;

//主实体类 Payment
@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Payment implements Serializable {
    private Long id;
    private String serial;

}
package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

import java.io.Serializable;

//Json封装体CommentResult,传给前端,判断编码是否成功,成功才显示
@Data
@NoArgsConstructor
@AllArgsConstructor
public class CommonResult<T> implements Serializable {//泛型:如果装的payment 返回payment,装的order 返回order
    private Integer code;
    private String message;
    private T date;

    public CommonResult(Integer code,String message){
        this(code,message,null);
    }
}

首说RestTemplate: RestTemplate提供了多种便捷访问远程Http服务的方法,是一种简单便捷的访问restful服务模板类,是Spring提供的用于访问Rest服务的客户端模板工具集,实现80到8001的远程调用。 官网地址: https://docs.spring.io/spring-framework/docs/5.2.2.RELEASE/javadoc-api/org/springframework/web/client/RestTemplate.html 使用: 使用restTemplate访问restful接口非常的简单粗暴,(url、requestMap、ResponseBean.class)这三个参数分别代表REST请求地址、请求参数、HTTP响应转换被转换成的对象类型。

将RestTemplate对象注册到容器中 ```java package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;
/**

  • @author Two
  • @version 1.0
  • @date 2020/7/19 18:19
    */
    @Configuration
    public class ApplicationContestConfig {
    @Bean
    public RestTemplate restTemplate(){
    return new RestTemplate();
    }
    }
```java
package cn.hm1006.cloud2020.controller;

import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.CommonResult;
import cn.hm1006.cloud2020.entity.Payment;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;
import javax.annotation.Resource;
/**
 * @author Two
 * @version 1.0
 * @date 2020/7/19 18:22
 */
@RestController
@Slf4j
public class OrderController {

    @Resource
    private RestTemplate restTemplate;

    private static final String PAYMENT_URL = "http://localhost:8001";

    @GetMapping("/consumer/payment/create")
    public CommonResult create(Payment payment){
        return restTemplate.postForObject(PAYMENT_URL+"/payment/create",payment,CommonResult.class);
    }

    @GetMapping("/consumer/payment/get/{id}")
    public CommonResult getPaymentByid(@PathVariable("id") Long id){
        return restTemplate.getForObject(PAYMENT_URL+"/payment/get/"+id,CommonResult.class);
    }
}

3.5启动80、8001服务,测试

80服务调用8001服务,实现效果如下:

  • 查询:
    select
  • 添加:
    add
    浏览器并没有返回错误,但是我们来看数据库:
    payment
    可以看到数据库只插入主键,并没有插入内容,要在8001的PaymentController加@RequestBody注解。
    RequestBody.png
    然后就可以插入了
    image.png

4. 工程重构

项目中存在相同的代码(entities包下的Payment.class和CommonResult.class),造成代码冗余,可以进行重构。
通过Maven聚合父工程,把相同重复的代码移到公开公用的工程里面,还可以放第三方接口、工具类,统一调配使用。

4.1 建立公共module

commons

4.2 pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>springcloud2020</artifactId>
        <groupId>cn.hm1006</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.hutool</groupId>
            <artifactId>hutool-all</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.0</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

4.3 将entities包复制到cloud-api-commons

entities.png

4.4 使用Maven打包发布上传到公用本地库里

打开Maven窗口,执行clean测试一下,无误后出现BUILD SUCCESS,然后执行install
install.png

4.5 删除其他model中重复entities,引入maven install的jar包坐标即可使用。

<!--引入自己定义的api通用包,可以使用Payment支付Entity-->
<dependency>
	<groupId>com.atguigu.springcloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>
    <version>${project.version}</version>
</dependency>

未完~
详情请看下篇文章

Q.E.D.

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